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Top 10 Military Helicopters 세계에서 가장 위력을 떨치는 군용 헬리콥터 10

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             Top 10 Military Helicopters 세계에서 가장 위력을 떨치는 군용 헬리콥터 10

 
Bell 47 (NO.10)

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Specs are as under
Crew 1 / 2 Passengers 1 Propulsion 1 Piston Engine Engine Model Lycoming VO-435-B1A Engine Power 198 kW 266 shp Speed 196 km/h 106 kts 122 mph Service Ceiling 3.200 m 10.500 ft Range 411 km 222 NM 255 mi. Empty Weight 786 kg 1.733 lbs max. Takeoff Weight 1.293 kg 2.850 lbs Rotor Blades (main/tail) 2/2 2/2 Main Rotor Diameter 11,32 m 37,1 ft Tail Rotor Diameter 1,87 m 6,1 ft Rotor Disc Area 100,6 m² 1083 ft² Length (Fuselage) 9,63 m 31,6 ft Length 13,30 m 43,6 ft Height 2,84 m 9,3 ft First Flight 08.12.1945 Production Status out of production Production Range 1946-1974 Total Production ca. 5600 ICAO Code B47G, B47J FAA TCDS 2H1, 2H3, H-1 Data for (Version) Bell 47G-5A
 
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drache (NO.9)
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Technical data for Fa 223
Engine: 1 x BMW 301R 9-cylinder radial pistone engine, rated at 746kW, rotor diameter: 12.0m, fuselage length: 12.25m, height: 4.35m, width with rotors turning: 24.5m, take-off weight: 4310kg, empty weight: 3175kg, max speed:175km/h, cruising speed: 120km/h, ceiling: 2010m, range with external fuel tanks: 700km
 
Westland Lynx (NO.8)

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Specifications (Super Lynx Series 100)
General characteristics
Crew: 2 or 3 Payload: 737 kg Length: 15.241 m (50 ft) Rotor diameter: 12.80 m (42 ft)
Height: 3.734 m for mk7; 3.785 m for mk9 (12.25 ft for mk7; 12.41 ft for mk9)
Disc area: 128.71 m² (1,385 ft²) Empty weight: 3,291 kg (7,255 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 5,330 kg (11,750 lb)
Powerplant: 2× Rolls-Royce Gem turboshaft, 835 kW (1,120 shp) each
Performance Maximum speed: 324 km/h (201 mph) Range: 528 km (328 miles) with standard tanks
Armament
Naval: 2 x torpedoes or 4x Sea Skua missiles or 2 x depth charges.
Attack: 2 x 20mm cannons, 2 x 70mm rocket pods CRV7, 8 x TOW ATGM[57]
General: 7.62mm General Purpose Machine Guns (AH.7 and AH.9), Browning AN/M3M .50 calibre heavy machine gun (HAS.3 and HMA.8)
 
CH-47 Chinook (NO.7)

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General characteristics
Crew: 3 (pilot, copilot, flight engineer) Capacity: ** 33-55 troops or 24 litters and 3 attendants 28,000 lb (12,700 kg) cargo Length: 98 ft 10 in (30.1 m) Rotor diameter: 60 ft 0 in (18.3 m) Height: 18 ft 11 in (5.7 m) Disc area: 2,800 ft² (260 m²) Empty weight: 23,400 lb (10,185 kg) Loaded weight: 26,680 lb (12,100 kg) Max takeoff weight: 50,000 lb (22,680 kg) Powerplant: 2× Lycoming T55-GA-712 turboshaft, 3,750 hp (2,796 kW) each Performance Maximum speed: 170 knots (196 mph, 315 km/h) Cruise speed: 130 kt (137 mph, 220 km/h) Range: 400 nmi (450 mi, 741 km) Ferry range: 1,216 nmi (1,400 mi, 2,252 km[54]) Service ceiling: 18,500 ft (5,640 m) Rate of climb: 1,522 ft/min (10.1 m/s) Disc loading: 9.5 lb/ft² (47 kg/m²) Power/mass: 0.28 hp/lb (460 W/kg)
Armament
M240 7.62 mm (0.308 in) machine gun(s) Avionics Rockwell CAAS (MH-47G/CH-47F)
 
Mil Mi-24 (NO.6)

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General characteristics
Crew: 2-3: pilot, weapons system officer and technician (optional) Capacity: 8 troops or 4 stretchers Length: 17.5 m (57 ft 4 in) Rotor diameter: 17.3 m (56 ft 7 in) Wingspan: 6.5 m (21 ft 3 in) Height: 6.5 m (21 ft 3 in) Disc area: 235 m² (2,530 ft²) Empty weight: 8,500 kg (18,740 lb) Max takeoff weight: 12,000 kg (26,500 lb) Powerplant: 2× Isotov TV3-117 turbines, 1,600 kW (2,200 hp) each Performance Maximum speed: 335 km/h (208 mph) Range: 450 km (280 miles) Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,750 ft) Armament
Internal guns
flexible 12.7 mm Yakushev-Borzov Yak-B Gatling gun on most variants. Maximum of 1,470 rounds of ammunition. fixed twin-barrel GSh-30K on the Mi-24P. 750 rounds of ammunition. flexible twin-barrel GSh-23L on the Mi-24VP and Mi-24VM. 450 rounds of ammunition. PKT passenger compartment window mounted machine guns
External stores
Total payload is 1,500 kg of external stores. Inner hardpoints can carry at least 500 kg Outer hardpoints can carry up to 250 kg Wing-tip pylons can only carry the 9M17 Phalanga (in the Mi-24A-D) or the 9K114 Shturmcomplex (in the Mi-24V-F).
Bomb-load
Bombs within weight range (presumably ZAB, FAB, RBK, ODAB etc.), Up to 500 kg. MBD multiple ejector racks (presumably MBD-4 with 4xFAB-100) KGMU2V submunition/mine dispenser pods First-generation armament (standard production Mi-24D) GUV-8700 gunpod (with a 12.7 mm Yak-B + 2×7.62 mm GShG-7.62 mm combination or one 30 mm AGS-17) UB-32 S-5 rocket launchers S-24 240 mm rocket 9M17 Phalanga (a pair on each wingtip pylon) Second-generation armament (Mi-24V, Mi-24P and most upgraded Mi-24D) UPK-23-250 gunpod carrying the GSh-23L B-8V20 a lightweight long tubed helicopter version of the S-8 rocket launcher 9K114 Shturm in pairs on the outer and wingtip pylons
 
OH-6A (NO.5)

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Specifications
General characteristics
Crew: 2 Length: 30 ft 10 in – 32 ft 2 in (9.4 m – 9.8 m) Rotor diameter: 27 ft. 4 in (8.33 m) Height: 8 ft 6 in – 11 ft 2 in (2.6 m – 3.4 m) Empty weight: 1,975 lbs (896 kg) Max takeoff weight: 3,549 lbs (1,610 kg) Powerplant: 1× One Allison T63-A-5A or T63-A-700 turboshaft, 317 hp (236 kW)
Performance
Maximum speed: 152 knots (175 mph, 282 km/h) Cruise speed: 135 knots (155 mph, 250 km/h) Range: 232 nm (430 km (267 mi)) Service ceiling: 15,994 ft (4,875 m) Rate of climb: 2,067 ft/min (10.5 m/s)
Armament
Guns: Two M60 or M134 Minigun 7.62 mm machine guns; Two .50 cal (12.7 mm)
MG pods
Rockets: Fourteen 2.75 in (70 mm) Hydra 70 rockets in two pods
Missiles: Four TOW missiles in two pods; Four Hellfire missiles in two pods
 
AH-1 Cobra (NO.4)

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AH-1G HueyCobra
General characteristics
Crew: 2 – one pilot, one CPG (co-pilot/gunner) Length: 44 ft 5 in (13.4 m) Rotor diameter: 44 ft (13.4 m) Height: 13 ft 5 in (4.1 m) Empty weight: 6,073 lb (2,754 kg) Max takeoff weight: 9,500 lb (4,309 kg) Powerplant: 1× Lycoming T53-L-13 turboshaft, 1,100 shp (820 kW) Rotor system: 2 blades on main rotor
Performance
Maximum speed: 190 knots (219 mph, 352 km/h) Range: 310 nmi (357 mi, 574 km) Service ceiling: 11,400 ft (3,475 m) Rate of climb: 1,230 ft/min (6.25 m/s)
Armament
2 × 7.62 mm (0.308 in) multi-barrel Miniguns, or 2 × M129 40 mm Grenade launchers, or one of each, in the M28 turret. (When one of each was mounted, the minigun was mounted on the right side of the turret, due to feeding problems.) 2.75 in (70 mm) rockets – 7 rockets mounted in the M158 launcher or 19 rockets in the M200 launcher M18 7.62 mm Minigun pod or XM35 armament subsystem with XM195 20 mm cannon AH-1F “Modernized”
Cobra General characteristics
Crew: 2 – one pilot, one CPG (co-pilot/gunner) Length: 44 ft 7 in (13.6 m) Rotor diameter: 44 ft 7 in (13.6 m) Height: 13 ft 5 in (4.1 m) Empty weight: 6,600 lb (2,993 kg) Max takeoff weight: 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) Powerplant: 1× Lycoming T53-L-703 turboshaft, 1,800 shp (1,300 kW) Rotor system: 2 blades on main rotor
Performance
Maximum speed: 149 knots (172 mph, 277 km/h) Range: 274 nmi (315 mi, 510 km) Service ceiling: 12,200 ft (3,720 m) Rate of climb: 1,620 ft/min (8.2 m/s)
Armament
M197 3-barreled 20 mm “Gatling-style” cannon Hydra 70 2.75 in (70 mm) rockets – 7 rockets mounted in the M260 launcher or 19 rockets in the M261 launcher[27] TOW Missiles – 4 or 8 missiles mounted in two-missile launchers on each hardpoint
 
UH-1 (NO.3)

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General characteristics
Crew: 1-4 Capacity: 3,880 lb including 14 troops, or 6 stretchers, or equivalent cargo Length: 57 ft 1 in (17.40 m) with rotors Wingspan: 48 ft 0 in (14.63 m) Width: 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m) (Fuselage) Height: 14 ft 5 in (4.39 m) Empty weight: 5,215 lb (2,365 kg) Gross weight: 9,040 lb (4,100 kg) Max takeoff weight: 9,500 lb (4,309 kg) Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming T53-L-11 turboshaft, 1,100 shp (820 kW) Main rotor diameter: 48 ft 0 in (14.63 m)
Performance
Maximum speed: 135 mph (217 km/h; 117 kn) Cruise speed: 125 mph (109 kn; 201 km/h) Range: 315 mi (274 nmi; 507 km) Service ceiling: 19,390 ft (5,910 m) (Dependent on environmental factors such as weight, outside temp., etc) Rate of climb: 1,755 ft/min (8.92 m/s) Power/mass: 0.15 hp/lb (0.25 kW/kg)
Armament
Variable, but may include a combination of:
2x 7.62 mm M60 machine gun, or 2x 7.62 mm GAU-17/A machine gun
2x 7-round or 19-round 2.75 in (70 mm) rocket pods
2x 7.62 mm Rhein 
UH-60 Black Hawk (NO.2)

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General characteristics
Crew: 2 pilots (flight crew) Capacity: 2,640 lb of cargo internally, including 14 troops or 6 stretchers, or 8,000 lb (UH-60A) or 9,000 lb (UH-60L) of cargo externally Length: 64 ft 10 in (19.76 m) Fuselage width: 7 ft 9 in (2.36 m) Rotor diameter: 53 ft 8 in (16.36 m) Height: 16 ft 10 in (5.13 m) Disc area: 2,260 ft² (210 m²) Empty weight: 10,624 lb (4,819 kg) Loaded weight: 22,000 lb (9,980 kg) Max takeoff weight: 23,500 lb (10,660 kg) Powerplant: 2× General Electric T700-GE-701C turboshaft, 1,890 hp (1,410 kW) each
Performance
Never exceed speed: 193 knots (222 mph, 357 km/h) Maximum speed: 159 kn (183 mph, 295 km/h) Cruise speed: 150 kn (173 mph, 278 km/h) Combat radius: 368 mi (320 nmi, 592 km) Ferry range: 1,380 mi[65] (1,200 nmi, 2,220 km) with ESSS stub wings and external tanks[68] Service ceiling: 19,000 ft (5,790 m) Rate of climb: 700 ft/min (3.6 m/s) Disc loading: 7.19 lb/ft² (35.4 kg/m²) Power/mass: 0.192 hp/lb (158 W/kg)
Armament
Guns:
2× 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M240H machine guns[69] or
2× 7.62 mm (0.30 in) M134 minigun[68] or
2× .50 in (12.7 mm) GAU-19 gatling guns[68]
Can be equipped with VOLCANO minefield dispersal system.[68] See UH-60 Armament Subsystems for more information.
ESSS stub wings can be equipped with 70 mm (2.75 in) Hydra 70 rockets[68]
AGM-114 Hellfire laser guided missiles[68]
7.62 mm (0.30 in), 20 mm (0.787 in), or 30 mm (1.18 in) M230 gunpods[68]
 
The AH-64 Apache (NO.1)

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Data below for AH-64A and AH-64D
HISTORY: First Flight (AH-64A) 30 September 1975
(AH-64D) 15 April 1992 Service Entry (AH-64A) 26 January 1984
(AH-64D) 1997 Retirement (AH-64A) planned by 2017
CREW: two: pilot, weapons officer
ESTIMATED COST: (AH-64A) $10 million (AH-64D) $35 million (new build)
AIRFOIL SECTIONS: Rotor Blade Root HH-02 Rotor Blade Tip NACA 64A006
DIMENSIONS:
Length 58.26 ft (17.76 m) with rotors turning 48.17 ft (14.68 m) ignoring rotors Rotor Diameter 48.00 ft (14.63 m) Height 14.13 ft (4.30 m) to top of tail rotor 12.89 ft (3.84 m) to top of main rotor 16.25 ft (4.95 m) to top of radome Rotor Disk Area 1,809.5 ft² (168.11 m²)
WEIGHTS: Empty (AH-64A) 11,385 lb (5,165 kg) (AH-64D) 11,800 lb (5,350 kg) Normal Takeoff (AH-64A) 15,075 lb (6,840 kg) (AH-64D) 16,025 lb (7,270 kg) Max Takeoff (AH-64A) 17,650 lb (8,005 kg) (AH-64D) 22,280 lb (10,105 kg) Fuel Capacity internal: 2,440 lb (1,110 kg) external: 5,980 lb (2,710 kg) Max Payload 1,700 lb (770 kg)
PROPULSION:
Powerplant (AH-64A) two General Electric T700-701 turboshafts (AH-64D) two General Electric T700-701C turboshafts Thrust (AH-64A) 3,392 shp (2,530 kW) (AH-64D) 3,880 shp (2,894 kW) PERFORMANCE:
Max Level Speed (AH-64A) 180 mph (295 km/h) (AH-64D) 160 mph (260 km/h) Maximum Climb Rate (AH-64A) 3,240 ft (990 m) / min (AH-64D) 3,090 ft (940 m) / min Maximum Vertical Climb Rate (AH-64A) 2,500 ft (760 m) / min (AH-64D) 1,555 ft (475 m) / min Service Ceiling 21,000 ft (6,400 m) Hover Ceiling(in ground effect) (AH-64A) 15,000 ft (4,570 m) (AH-64D) 17,210 ft (5,245 m) Hover Ceiling(out of ground effect) (AH-64A) 11,500 ft (3,505 m) (AH-64D) 9,810 ft (2,990 m)
Range typical: 260 nm (480 km) [AH-64A] typical: 220 nm (410 km) [AH-64D] ferry: 1,025 nm (1,900 km) Endurance 3 hr 9 min [maximum] 2 hr 30 min [typical mission] g-Limits +3.5 / -0.5
ARMAMENT: Gun one M230A1 30 mm chain cannon (up to 1,200 rds) Stations 2 stub wings with 4 hardpoints and 2 wingtip rails Air-to-Air Missile AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-92 Stinger Air-to-Surface Missile AGM-114 Hellfire, AGM-122 Sidearm, TOW Bomb none Other 70 mm rocket pods, 127 mm rockets KNOWN VARIANTS: YAH-64A Prototype built by Hughes Helicopter to compete with the Bell YAH-63 for the US Army Advanced Attack Helicopter contract AH-64A First production model, all are to be upgraded to the AH-64D standard (but without the Longbow radar) by 2010 GAH-64A AH-64A models grounded for use as trainers; 17 modified JAH-64A AH-64A models used for special testing; 7 modified Sea Apache Proposals offering a ship-based version of the AH-64A with a revised landing gear design and improved avionics to the US Navy and Marine Corps; cancelled AH-64B Proposed interim upgrade to improve 254 AH-64A airframes with GPS, new radios, new rotor blades, and improved navigation systems; cancelled in 1992 AH-64C Designation originally applied to AH-64A models upgraded to near AH-64D standard, including all upgrades except the Longbow radar and new engines; approximately 540 to be upgraded, but the designation was abandoned in 1993 AH-64D Longbow New build model equipped with the mast-mounted Longbow radar, uprated engines, and improved avionics; 227 to be built; older AH-64A models updraded to AH-64D standard are not equipped with the Longbow radar but the capabilty exists to convert such aircraft to the full Longbow standard in 4-8 hours WAH-64D Apache AH.1 AH-64D model for the British Army license built by Westland, essentially the same as the AH-64D but powered by Rolls-Royce engines and includes a rotor folding mechanism for ship storage; 8 built by Boeing and 59 assembled by Westland AH-64D Block II Upgrade program for US Army AH-64D airframes incorporating improved digital communications systems AH-64D Block III Upgrade program for US Army AH-64D airframes incorporating new engines and composite rotor blades to improve flight and payload performance as well as new radios and the ability to control UAVs; about 663 Block I and Block II airframes to be modified between 2010 and 2025 AH-64D Block IV Possible new upgrade program KNOWN COMBAT RECORD:
Panama – Operation Just Cause (US Army, 1989)
Iraq – Operation Desert Storm (US Army, 1991)
Kosovo – Operation Allied Force (US Army, 1999)
Israeli-Palestinian conflict (Israel , 2000-present)
Afghanistan – Operation Enduring Freedom (US Army, 2001-present; Netherlands, 2004-present) Iraq – Operation Iraqi Freedom (US Army, 2003-present)
Gaza Conflict (Israel, 2008-2009)
KNOWN OPERATORS:
Bahrain, Bahrain Amiri (Royal Bahraini Air Force) Egypt, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya il Misriya (Egyptian Air Force) Greece, Elliniki Aerosporia Stratou (Hellenic Army Air Arm) Israel, Tsvah Haganah le Israel – Heyl Ha’Avir (Israeli Defence Force – Air Force) Japan, Nihon Rikujyo Jieitai (Japan Ground Self Defence Force) Kuwait, al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya (Kuwaiti Air Force) Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchmacht (Royal Netherlands Air Force) Saudi Arabia, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Malakiya as Sa’udiya (Royal Saudi Air Force) Singapore (Republic of Singapore Air Force) South Korea (Republic of Korea Army) United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates Air Force) United Kingdom (British Army Air Corps) United States (US Army)
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